When we think about high cholesterol, we probably imagine a big plate of greasy food. It’s true that eating a diet high in saturated fat won’t do anything to help keep your heart healthy and your cholesterol under control. But, there are a few facts you might be surprised to learn about this naturally occurring fatty substance.

1. There are 3 different recommended cholesterol levels

Finding the right cholesterol level depends on many things, including your age, gender and medical history. What’s the right target for one person may be different for someone else. Typically, your doctor will set your target cholesterol level, depending on your risk of heart disease or and/or stroke. For example, you can have higher levels of bad cholesterol if you already have a lower overall risk. (1)

How low should my ‘bad cholesterol’ be?

LOW-TO-MODERATE RISK OF STROKE
Bad cholesterol target: Less than 115 mg/dl (3.0 mmol/l)

HIGH RISK OF STROKE
Bad cholesterol target: Less than 100 mg/dl (2.6 mmol/l)

VERY HIGH RISK OF STROKE
Bad cholesterol target: Less than 70 mg/dl (1.8 mmol/l)

2. You can reduce your chance of stroke by up to 27%

There are so many things you can do to lower your cholesterol, such as stopping smoking, exercising more, limiting alcohol consumption and eating less saturated fat. It’s encouraging to know that making even moderate changes can have a huge impact on your risk of heart disease and stroke. In fact, regular moderate exercise could reduce your chance of stroke by up to 27%. (2)

3. 1 in every 200 people is more likely to have high cholesterol

Having high cholesterol isn’t always due to lifestyle choices. 1 in every 200 to 1 in 500 people is born with Familial Hypercholesterolaemia (or FH). This condition runs in families and makes you more likely to have high levels of bad cholesterol (LDL-C) in your blood. While it can lead to serious health problems, such as stroke, FH can be managed with regular medication. (3)

4. People over 45 should have their cholesterol checked every 1-2 years

Having high cholesterol usually has no symptoms. Which means it’s important to visit your doctor and get yours checked regularly. Young adults, over the age of 20, should have their cholesterol levels tested every 5 years. Men aged 45-65, and women aged 55 to 65, should be screened every 1 to 2 years. Then, you’ll be able to find out if you are within a healthy range and, if not, make a few changes to reduce your risk of stroke. (4)

5. Losing just 3-5% of your total weight can reduce your risk of stroke

How much you weigh is linked to your cholesterol levels and, in turn, your risk of developing certain conditions such as heart disease. Research shows that people who are obese or overweight may only need to lose 3-5% of body weight to reduce their ‘bad cholesterol’ and increase their ‘good cholesterol’. This means that a person who weighs 10 stone (64kg) would only need to lose 4-5 pounds (1.8-2.3kg) in order to start making a difference. (4)

References:

1. Catapano AL, et al. Eur Heart J. 2016;37:2999-3058

2. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/high-cholesterol/

3. https://www.stroke.org.uk/sites/default/files/user_profile/information_for_south_asian_people.pdf

4. https://www.messagefromtheheart.eu/static/pdf/From_the_Heart_Trifold_09_09_15_(002).pdf

5. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/high-blood-cholesterol

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